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Avances en Odontoestomatología

versão On-line ISSN 2340-3152versão impressa ISSN 0213-1285


JANE SALAS, E. et al. Diagnosis of oral cancer in the geriatric patient. Av Odontoestomatol [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.3, pp.181-190. ISSN 2340-3152.

Oral cancer is a common and growing in the Western world disease, its incidence is increasing year after year, despite its location in an easily accessible and searchable cavity allow early diagnosis thereof, or of potentially malignant disorders. The figures of our country placed an incidence of 6.7 new cases per year per 100,000 population, with a male /female ratio of 3 to 1. It is our duty to educate our patients in the cessation of harmful habits and the Education to establish how to examine a common activity. Definitely a thorough physical examination is the first diagnostic measure we have associated under suspicion for a biopsy and the corresponding histopathology, you can set the malignant potential of the lesion, and the evolution of it. We currently have complementary diagnostic methods, which based from traditional vital dyes, through optical methods, to the use of novel techniques for identifying molecular receptors, chromosomal alterations could be useful in guiding risk factors Patients predisposed to the disease, all in the future on identifying these potential risks with a simple analysis of saliva. The truth is that today the best diagnosis is prevention and the worst do it as early as possible to improve the life prospects and quality of life of our patients.

Palavras-chave : Cancer; precancer; early diagnosis; geriatric patient.

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