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Avances en Odontoestomatología

versión On-line ISSN 2340-3152versión impresa ISSN 0213-1285


GUERRERO, L. et al. Prevalence of temporomandibular disorders in the beneficiary adult population of Primary Health Care at Servicio de Salud Valparaíso, San Antonio. Av Odontoestomatol [online]. 2017, vol.33, n.3, pp.113-120. ISSN 2340-3152.

Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) are a set of muscle and joint problems affecting the masticatory system. In Chile, there are few epidemiological studies on TMD, and no distribution, severity, and comorbidity need for treatment is known. These conditions are not incorporated into oral health benefits of Explicit Health Guarantees (GES) and there are no clinical guidelines for diagnosis and referral from Primary Health Care (PHC). The overall objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of Temporomandibular Disorders in adults beneficiaries of the Health Service of Valparaiso and San Antonio (SSVSA). For the above observational cross-sectional study (prevalence) TMD, whose target population corresponded to adults (over 18 years) beneficiaries of the National Health Fund (FONASA) of SSVSA enrolled in PHC clinics of the commune of Valparaiso proposed (n= 273,449 according to per capita patients validly registered records in 2012). 270 patients (168 women, 102 men), selected at random, using the diagnostic categories of Research Diagnostic Criteria Dworkin (Dworkin 1992, assigned to the International Association for Dental Research) were examined. The results showed a prevalence of 49.6% TTM (at least one diagnosis) in the sample; and 19.6% of the population suffered from severe TMD (muscle pain and/or joint pain associated with functional limitation), being the most committed female.

Palabras clave : Prevalence; temporomandibular joint disorders.

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