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Avances en Odontoestomatología

versión On-line ISSN 2340-3152versión impresa ISSN 0213-1285


ALVEAR PEREZ, J et al. Evaluation of the penetration of root canal filling cements through scanning electron microscopy. Av Odontoestomatol [online]. 2017, vol.33, n.4, pp.143-149. ISSN 2340-3152.


the literature has shown that failed endodontic treatments are commonly due to the persistence of microorganisms. One important characteristic of root canal filling cements is their ability to penetrate the dentinal tubules, achieving an impermeable sealing between the dentinal walls and the central filling material, reducing potential filtrations and increasing the resistance to fracture.


To evaluate through scanning electron microscopy (SEM) the penetration of MTA Fillapex, Grossman sealer and top seal all along the root canal.


In vitro experimental study, in 36 human teeth randomly divided into 3 groups, (n= 12), which were prepared with the Step Back endodontic technique. Each group was divided into 2 subgroups using NaOCl 2.5%, and NaOCl 2.5% + EDTA 17% as irrigating solutions. The root canals were sealed using the lateral condensation technique, longitudinally sectioned to observe through scanning electron microscopy the cervical, medium and apical thirds, the penetration of the cement inside the dentinal tubules. The statistical analysis was performed with SPSS v22 IBM with p<0.05 and the Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests.


through the Kruskal- Wallis test the Grossman sealer and top seal when using NaOCl + EDTA showed values of p= 0.025 and p= 0.002 in the medium and apical thirds respectively. The Mann-Whitney test showed a value of p= 0.031 in the apical third for the MTA Fillapex when using NaOCl. The median values were MTA Fillapex medium third= 2.000, apical third= 1.000; top seal medium and apical thirds= 4.000. Since the median values between the top seal and Grossman sealer were the same, the values from the variance were used, with a statistically significant result for the Grossman sealer= 0.276 in the medium third and top seal = 0.176 in the apical third. The Mann-Whitney test showed a value p= 0.031 in the apical third for the MTA Fillapex. With a median value of NaOCl= 3.000, NaOCl + EDTA= 1.000.


When comparing the filling cements MTA Fillapex, top seal and Grossman sealer using NaOCl + EDTA as an irrigating solution, more penetration from the Grossman sealer was observed in medium third. At the apical third, more penetration from the top seal sealer was observed. The MTA Fillapex cement showed the greatest penetration at the apical third when using NaOCl as an irrigating solution.

Palabras clave : Dental cements; sodium; hypochlorite; scanning electron microscopy; EDTA; Smear Layer.

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