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Avances en Odontoestomatología

versão On-line ISSN 2340-3152versão impressa ISSN 0213-1285


HIDALGO ORDONEZ, S; MORA ROJAS, M  e  VELASQUEZ RON, B. Effect of occlusal splints on temporomandibular dysfunctions: systematic review. Av Odontoestomatol [online]. 2021, vol.37, n.2, pp.67-77.  Epub 05-Dez-2022. ISSN 2340-3152.

The tempomandibular disorders are pathologies that occur frequently in our environment, the causes are associated with factors such as occlusal interference, joint problems, stress and other etiologies that cause instability of the stomatognathic system; triggering a series of problems, with a common manifestation, found throughout this bibliographic review, pain.


To test whether occlusal splints control pain related to temporomandibular disorders.


Systematic review, PRISMA protocol, scientific articles on electronic platforms PUBLIMED, MEDLINE, WEB SCIENCE, SCOPUS, COCHRANE LIBRARY, 2009 to 2018, complementary bases SCIELO, REDILYC, LATINDEX. Total sample no. 59 sieving items, definitive selection n=13 articles that meet the criteria of inclusion as keywords (splints, occlusal splints, temporomandibular joint disorder, joint dysfunction syndrome temporomandibular).


n=13 observational articles, cases and control, indicating in their conclusions that occlusal splints have a positive effect in patients with temporomandibular disorders, considerably decreasing symptomatology.


Occlusal splints are considered placebo treatments, which should be supplemented with other therapeutic alternatives. Conclusion.Occlusal splints are efficient devices that meet the goal of controlling symptomatology in patients with temporomandibular disorders.

Palavras-chave : Splints; occlusal splints; temporomandibular joint disorders; temporomandibularjoint dysfunction syndrome.

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