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Gaceta Sanitaria

versión impresa ISSN 0213-9111


LOPEZ-BASTIDA, J.; SERRANO-AGUILAR, P.  y  DUQUE-GONZALEZ, B.. Socioeconomic costs of cardiovascular disease and cancer in the Canary Islands [Spain] in 1998. Gac Sanit [online]. 2003, vol.17, n.3, pp.210-217. ISSN 0213-9111.

Objective: To evaluate the economic impact in terms of direct and indirect costs of the cardiovascular disease and cancer in the Canary Islands in 1998. Methods: The cost-of-illness method was used. Direct and indirect costs were estimated using prevalence costs, i.e., the costs produced in 1998. Direct costs were divided into hospitalization costs, outpatient costs, primary health care costs, and drug costs while indirect costs were obtained through transformation of physical units into monetary units using the approach of human capital theory and the friction cost method. Results: The total costs of cardiovascular disease and cancer were 246.11 and 193.72 million euros respectively. The direct costs of the two diseases were 134.44 and 58.04 million euros respectively, representing 55% and 30% of total costs and 16% of total health care expenditure in this region. The indirect costs of these two diseases were 111.68 and 135.68 million euros respectively, representing 45% and 70% of total costs. Use of the friction cost method revealed that indirect costs decreased by 88% for cardiovascular disease and those for cancer decreased by 77%. Conclusions: Although this study adopts a conservative approach by omitting costs associated with pain and suffering, permanent disability, and those of at-home care provided by the family, the annual socioeconomic cost of cardiovascular disease and cancer in the Canary Islands was high, amounting to 440 million euros.

Palabras clave : Cardiovascular disease; Cancer; Cost-of-illness; Human capital; Friction cost; Canary Islands.

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