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Gaceta Sanitaria

versão impressa ISSN 0213-9111


INIGUEZ, C.; PEREZ-HOYOS, S.; BALLESTER, F.  e  SAEZ, M.. Comparison of two methods in the analysis of the short-term effect of air pollution on health. Gac Sanit [online]. 2003, vol.17, n.4, pp.283-288. ISSN 0213-9111.

Objective: We compare two methods to analyse the relationship between air pollution and health. One of them (ME) is based on a generalized linear model, while the other one (MN) incorporates a generalized additive model (GAM). Besides the statistical model used, both methods schow additional discrepancies for the type and number of variables used in the control of confounding. Method: An analysis was carried out for each lag of black smoke (0 to 5) and several health indicators from the city of Valencia (Spain) following both methods. Results were compared examining the sequence and the lag of the higher coefficient. The ratio between confidence intervals width and the percent difference in the estimates were also obtained. Results: The discrepancies in results according to the methodology were small. The sequence shaped and the lag of higher coefficient generally remained invariant. Coefficients were similar (percent difference of MN over ME was not greater than 10%). Confidence intervals were more precise for MN, although the reduction was not very strong (the width ratio was around 90%). Conclusions: The short variation of the results guarantees the applicability of both MN and ME methods, although the systematic reduction of the standard error of MN supports its use as a more efficient procedure to control for confounding.

Palavras-chave : Time series; Generalized linear model; Generalized additive model; Ar pollution.

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