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Gaceta Sanitaria

versión impresa ISSN 0213-9111


OVIEDO-JOEKES, Eugenia  y  ASOCIACION AVALON et al. Use and evaluation of the health care services and the antirretroviral medication in HIV diagnosed people. Gac Sanit [online]. 2009, vol.23, n.2, pp.121-126. ISSN 0213-9111.

Aim: To analyze the use or not of antirretrovirals (ART) human inmunodeficiency virus (HIV) diagnosed people in relation to the utilization and evaluation of the health care services and sociodemographic profiles. Methods: The data was collected with a questionnaire to 108 HIV people, in the city of Granada (Spain) between July and September 2005. Participants were contacted from three sources: infectious diseases service, HIV's nongovernmental association and from the street through peers. Results: The mean age was 40 years, and the participants knew that they were seropositives since a mean of 12 years ago. At the moment of the interview, 55.6% consumed illegal drugs (cannabis not included), and 63.9% were former injecting drug users. In relation to ART, 25% did not take it, 15.7% were totally adherent, and 59.3% were in treatment but failed in the intake of the medication as prescribed. In general, participants have a positive and accurate perception of ART. The group of the adherents showed the best scores and those who do not take ART the lowest, in almost the totality of the studied variables. Conclusion: The present study suggests that is important continuing to improve the access to the health and social resources, to implement strategies of motivation for patients who have been many years in HIV treatment and to integrate in the health care system social excluded HIV positive people.

Palabras clave : HIV; Antiretroviral therapy; Patient compliance; Health services accessibility; Social isolation; Illicit drugs.

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