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Gaceta Sanitaria

versão impressa ISSN 0213-9111


CALMET, Montserrat et al. Diagnostic resources for sexually-transmitted infections in laboratories in Catalonia (Spain). Gac Sanit [online]. 2009, vol.23, n.4, pp.348-350. ISSN 0213-9111.

Objective: With the aim of describing both the capacity and organization of the laboratories in Catalonia to diagnose sexually transmitted infections, a cross-sectional study was performed between November 2005 and March 2006, which included 140 laboratories. Results: Ninety-eight laboratories performed some STI tests, 45 received more than 50 vaginal swabs per month, 42 diagnosed Chlamydia trachomatis, but only six used polymerase chain reaction techniques. None diagnosed venereal lymphogranuloma. Eighty were able to detect Neisseria gonorrhoeae, 76 by means of culture and 63 analyzed its antibiotic resistance. A total of 23, 22, 22 and 14 laboratories received more than 500 blood samples for hepatitis B, hepatitis C, HIV and syphilis, respectively. Non-treponemic and treponemic tests were available in 84 and 52 laboratories, respectively. Conclusions: In Catalonia, most STIs can be diagnosed but new technologies need to be introduced. Moreover, the efficiency of biological sample circuits should be improved.

Palavras-chave : Diagnostic tests; Sexually transmitted diseases; Laboratories; Catalonia.

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