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Gaceta Sanitaria

Print version ISSN 0213-9111


GOMEZ-BARROSO, Diana et al. Spatial pattern of legionellosis in Spain, 2003-2007. Gac Sanit [online]. 2011, vol.25, n.4, pp.290-295. ISSN 0213-9111.

Objectives: To analyze the spatial pattern of legionellosis in Spain for men and women during the period 2003-2007 and to identify spatial clustering of risk. Methods: We identified the spatial pattern of the distribution of legionellosis rates based on calculation of rates by municipality through the direct method. Smoothing of these rates was performed by the Empirical Bayes method for studying the spatial pattern of disease for both sexes. We used Moran´s index to analyze spatial autocorrelation rates globally. To calculate local rates, the Local Moran's Index [known as local indicators of spatial association (LISA)], was used to analyze the clusters of municipalities with the highest risk. Results: After smoothing the risk, the highest rates (over 50 per 100,000 inhabitants) were grouped in the eastern Mediterranean coastal areas and the north of the mainland, as well as in the Mediterranean islands. Moran's index smoothed rates were 0.15 for men and 0.23 for women. The spatial clusters of statistically significant higher rates calculated by the LISA index were distributed in the north and east for both sexes. Conclusions: These methods of spatial analysis allow patterns of disease distribution to be identified. All the methods used yielded similar results. These techniques are a complementary tool for epidemiological surveillance of infectious diseases.

Keywords : Legionellosis; Spatial analysis; Empirical Bayes; Moran's index; LISA index.

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