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Gaceta Sanitaria

Print version ISSN 0213-9111


PEREZ-FERNANDEZ, M. Reyes et al. Healthy habits and osteoporosis prevention in perimenopausal women from rural areas. Gac Sanit [online]. 2014, vol.28, n.2, pp.163-165. ISSN 0213-9111.

Objective: The probability of developing osteoporosis decreases with an adequate supply of vitamin D, a balanced diet, and increased physical activity. In this study, we evaluated whether an educational intervention improves osteoporosis-related behavior in perimenopausal women from rural areas. Methods: A randomized experimental evaluation was performed of an educational intervention. The variables were physical activity, calcium intake and sun exposure in women from rural areas aged 45-54 years (n = 216) at time 0 and 12 months after the educational intervention. In the control group (n = 106), the information was sent by surface mail (month 0). In the intervention group (n = 110), two interactive workshops were given (month 0). The topic of the workshops and the information sent by surface mail was healthy habits for osteoporosis prevention. Results: After 12 months, the intervention group, but not the control group, had increased their physical activity (p = 0.006), sun exposure (p = 0.029), and calcium intake (53% to 64%). Conclusion: A simple educational intervention in perimenopausal women from rural areas improved healthy habits for osteoporosis prevention.

Keywords : Health education; Osteoporosis; Women; Physical activity; Calcium.

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