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Gaceta Sanitaria

Print version ISSN 0213-9111


SERRANO, Elena et al. Health impact assessment of regeneration projects in Pasaia bay (Spain): perceptions of the affected population. Gac Sanit [online]. 2014, vol.28, n.6, pp.442-449. ISSN 0213-9111.

Aim: To determine the health impact perceived by residents and social players involved in two urban regeneration interventions (a new fish market and the redevelopment of North/West Herrera) in Pasaia Bay (Gipuzkoa, Spain) that have been the subject of a health impact assessment (HIA). Method: Qualitative methodology was used with theoretical and intentional sampling. Information was obtained through 18 personal interviews and five discussion groups and was analyzed in accordance with the sociological analysis model of discourse. The preliminary results were triangulated and contrasted among the team members and those taking part in the study. Results: Four interrelated areas of health impact were identified: urban quality, connectivity, social cohesion, and-to a lesser extent-employment. Specific aspects for improvement were indicated for each field, as well as the influence of the sociopolitical context and conceptions of health. Other significant findings were the impact of the process of carrying out the building work and the distinct perspectives due to the differing roles and social profiles of participants. Conclusions: Knowledge of the perceptions and expectations of affected individuals through qualitative methods provides novel elements and interrelations that are needed to apply HIA as a tool for improving health and for citizen participation.

Keywords : Health impact assessment; Urban renewal; Socioeconomic factors; Qualitative research; Social participation.

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