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Gaceta Sanitaria

Print version ISSN 0213-9111


NAVARRO-PEREZ, Patricia; ORTIZ-GOMEZ, Teresa  and  GIL-GARCIA, Eugenia. Scientific output on transsexuality in the Spanish biomedical literature: bibliometric and content analyses (1973-2011). Gac Sanit [online]. 2015, vol.29, n.2, pp.145-151. ISSN 0213-9111.

Objective: To explore the scientific output on transsexuality in the Spanish biomedical literature between 1973 and 2011, through bibliometric and content analyses. Methods: We carried out a descriptive, cross-sectional study of Spanish biomedical articles on transsexuality published between 1973 and 2011. The data sources consisted of Índice Médico Español and ISOC-Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades. Bibliometric and content analyses were performed. Results: A total of 65 papers were analyzed. Knowledge on transsexuality in Spain began to appear in medical journals between 1973 and 1984. A decade of intense productivity began in 1996 and the number of journals publishing articles on transsexuality multiplied in the following years. Until 2006, the year with the most biomedical productivity, biomedical discourses reproduced representations of transsexuality anchored in biological determinism. From 2008-2011, professionals writing on the topic incorporated feminist theories and social perspectives in their discourses. Conclusions: In the last quarter of the twentieth century, the dominant medical discourse considered manifestations of transsexual people from a biologist perspective that conceives transsexuality as a configuration mismatch between sex and gender. The emergence of new identity categories and medical reflection from non-essentialist and non-normative gender perspectives has improved the clinical management of transsexuality.

Keywords : Transsexualism; Bibliometrics; Gender identity; Genetic determinism; Medicalization; Feminism.

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