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Gaceta Sanitaria

Print version ISSN 0213-9111


BENACH, Joan et al. Multidimensional measurement of precarious employment: social distribution and its association with health in Catalonia (Spain). Gac Sanit [online]. 2015, vol.29, n.5, pp.375-378. ISSN 0213-9111.

Objective: To show the prevalence of precarious employment in Catalonia (Spain) for the first time and its association with mental and self-rated health, measured with a multidimensional scale. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted using data from the II Catalan Working Conditions Survey (2010) with a subsample of employed workers with a contract. The prevalence of precarious employment using a multidimensional scale and its association with health was calculated using multivariate log-binomial regression stratified by gender. Results: The prevalence of precarious employment in Catalonia was high (42.6%). We found higher precariousness in women, youth, immigrants, and manual and less educated workers. There was a positive gradient in the association between precarious employment and poor health. Conclusions: Precarious employment is associated with poor health in the working population. Working conditions surveys should include questions on precarious employment and health indicators, which would allow monitoring and subsequent analyses of health inequalities.

Keywords : Mental health; Health; Social determinants of health; Employment.

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