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Gaceta Sanitaria

Print version ISSN 0213-9111


BOLIVAR MUNOZ, Julia et al. The health of adults undergoing an eviction process. Gac Sanit [online]. 2016, vol.30, n.1, pp.4-10. ISSN 0213-9111.

Objective: To analyze perceived health status and other health-related indicators in the adult population in Granada (Spain) undergoing an eviction process from their homes, whether rented or owned, in comparison with health indicators in the general adult population in Andalusia. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was administered by trained staff. The survey included instruments from the Andalusian Health Survey 2011 for measuring variables related to physical and mental health, as well as health-related habits. We compared the results with those obtained from the Andalusian general population through the Andalusian Health Survey. A bivariate analysis using the χ2 test and a multivariate logistic regression analysis were conducted. Results: We obtained a total sample of 205 people in the process of eviction. A total of 59.5% (n = 122) were women, and 40.5% (n = 83) were men. Participants were more likely to have poor health (odds ratio [OR]: 12.63, 95% confidence interval [95%CI]: 8.74-18.27), have cardiovascular diseases (OR: 3.08; 95%CI: 1.54-6.16), or to smoke (OR: 1.68; 95% CI: 1.21-2.33) compared with the Andalusian general population. Most of the health indicators analyzed showed a worse outcome for women undergoing an eviction process. Conclusions: Our results suggest that, in the current context of economic crisis, people undergoing a process of eviction in Granada and its metropolitan area show poorer health than the Andalusian general population. Further research is needed on health and evictions from different methodological approaches, for a better understanding of the topic.

Keywords : Evictions; Social determinants of health; Spain; Vulnerable groups; Economic recession; Housing.

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