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Gaceta Sanitaria

Print version ISSN 0213-9111


MOLINA-GARCIA, Javier et al. Perceived barriers to active commuting to school: reliability and validity of a scale. Gac Sanit [online]. 2016, vol.30, n.6, pp.426-431. ISSN 0213-9111.


To examine the reliability and validity of a scale to measure perceived barriers to active commuting to school among Spanish young people.


The validity of the scale was assessed in a sample of 465 adolescents (14-18 years) using a confirmatory factor analysis and studying its association with self-reported active commuting to school. The reliability of the instrument was evaluated in a sub-sample that completed the scale twice separated by a one-week interval.


The results showed that the barriers scale had satisfactory fit indices, and two factors were determined. The first included environment- and safety-related items (α = 0.72), while the other concerned planning and psychosocial items (α = 0.64). Active commuting to school showed significant correlations with the total score of the barriers scale (rho = −0.27; p <0.001), with the environmental/safety barriers (rho = −0.22; p <0.001), as well as with the planning/psychosocial barriers (rho = −0.29; p <0.001). Test-retest ICCs for the barriers ranged from 0.68 to 0.77.


The developed scale has acceptable validity and good reliability to assess barriers to active commuting to school among Spanish young people.

Keywords : Active commuting; Adolescents; Environment; Neighbourhood.

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