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Gaceta Sanitaria

Print version ISSN 0213-9111


MOLINA-BARCELO, Ana et al. Informed participation in the Valencian Community Colorectal Cancer Screening Programme from a gender perspective. Gac Sanit [online]. 2018, vol.32, n.1, pp.72-76.  Epub Nov 30, 2020. ISSN 0213-9111.


To examine the factors that influence informed participation in a Colorectal Cancer Screening Programme (CRCSP) from a gender perspective.


Cross-sectional telephone survey directed to men and women invited to participate (2009-2010) in the Valencian Community CRCSP (Spain). Sample size: 785 subjects. Outcome variables: participation in CRCSP and being informed. Bivariate and multivariate analysis using logistic regression models (95% confidence interval [95%CI], p <0.05).


Being a woman (odds ratio [OR]: 1.52; 95%CI: 1.06-2.19), receiving information from a general practitioner (OR: 1.64; 95%CI: 1.05-2.55) and being informed (OR: 1.54; 95%CI: 1.08-2.21) are related to participation. Men are more likely to participate if they live with a partner (OR: 6.26; 95%CI: 1.82-21.49); and are more informed if they have family responsibilities (OR: 2.53; 95%CI: 1.39-4.63).


Information about CRCSP, involving primary health care professionals and including specific actions directed at men and at women, could contribute to improve informed participation with a gender equity perspective.

Keywords : Early detection of cancer; Colorectal neoplasm; Gender identity; Patient participation; Informed decision making.

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