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Gaceta Sanitaria

Print version ISSN 0213-9111


LIMA-SERRANO, Marta et al. Characteristics present in secondary school students who do not smoke and who have no intention to smoke. Gac Sanit [online]. 2019, vol.33, n.3, pp.259-262.  Epub Nov 25, 2019. ISSN 0213-9111.


To know the variables present in primary and secondary school students who do not smoke or intend to smoke from a positive health model.


Cross-sectional study with 482 students from Andalusia and Catalonia using a validated questionnaire (ESFA and PASE project). Binary logistic regression analysis was performed.


Those who did not intend to smoke viewed smoking unfavourably and had high self-efficacy (p <0.001). In non-consumers, the most associated variables were attitude, social model (p <0.001), and self-efficacy (p =0.005).


The results show motivational factors present in students who do not smoke and do not intend to do so. Attitude and self-efficacy are strongly associated with intention and behaviour. This information might be useful for developing positive health promotion strategies from a salutogenesis approach.

Keywords : Smoking; Adolescent; Intention; Behaviour; Health promotion; Salutogenesis.

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