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Gaceta Sanitaria

Print version ISSN 0213-9111


GUZMAN-RODRIGUEZ, Cecilia et al. Intimate partner violence and depression among adult women working in a health facility in Mexico. Gac Sanit [online]. 2021, vol.35, n.2, pp.161-167.  Epub Nov 29, 2021. ISSN 0213-9111.


To assess the effect of intimate partner violence on the risk of depression and depressive symptoms among adult women.


We analyzed data from the Mexican Health Workers' Cohort study (n=470). Type and severity of intimate partner violence was ascertained between 2004 and 2011. Self-reported medical diagnosis of depression (2011) was the main outcome; depressive symptoms ascertained with the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale was the secondary outcome. Random-effects regressions were run to model the risk of depression (logistic) and depressive symptoms (linear) in relation to intimate partner violence.


41.9% women experienced intimate partner violence at baseline. The incidence of depression was 7.2%. The risk of depression increased with any type of IPV (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]=2.9; 95% confidence interval [95%CI]: 1.4-6.2) and with physical (aOR=4.3; 95%CI: 1.8-10.1), psychological (aOR=3.1; 95%CI: 1.4-6.6) and sexual (aOR=3.1; 95%CI: 1.2-8.2) violence. Depressive symptoms (CES-D) increased slightly with physical and sexual intimate partner violence.


Intimate partner violence was associated with a higher risk of depression in this sample of women working in a Mexican health facility. Our results indicate the need to develop infrastructure, to implement strategies of attention and counselling, and to provide a safe environment in the workplace for women who experience intimate partner violence.

Keywords : Cohort; Depression; Adult women; Depressive symptoms; Intimate partner violence.

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