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Gaceta Sanitaria

Print version ISSN 0213-9111


MARTIN-MORENO, José M et al. Insight on how to assess and improve the response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Gac Sanit [online]. 2022, vol.36, n.1, pp.32-36.  Epub Apr 11, 2022. ISSN 0213-9111.

The COVID-19 pandemic has hit Spain particularly hard, despite being a country with a developed economy and being praised for the robustness of its national health system. In order to understand what happened and to identify how to improve the response, we believe that an independent multi-disciplinary evaluation of the health, political and socio-economic spheres is essential. In this piece we propose objectives, principles, methodology and dimensions to be evaluated, as well as outlining the type of results and conclusions expected. Inspired by the requirements formulated by the WHO Independent Panel for Pandemic Preparedness and Response and by experiences in other countries, we detail the multidimensional aspects to be evaluated. The goal is to understand key aspects in the studied areas and their scope for improvement in terms of preparedness, governance, regulatory framework, national health system structures (primary care, hospital, and public health), education sector, social protection schemes, minimization of economic impact, and labour framework and reforms for a more resilient society. We seek to ensure that this exercise serves not only at present, but also that in the future we are better prepared and more agile in terms of our ability to recover from any pandemic threats that may arise.

Keywords : COVID-19; Pandemic; Policy responses; Evaluation; Prevention and control; Health services research; Social determinants of health.

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