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Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología

versión impresa ISSN 0365-6691


PAREJA-RIOS, A. et al. Guidelines of clinical practice of the SERV: Management of ocular complications of diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy and macular oedema. Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol [online]. 2009, vol.84, n.9, pp.429-450. ISSN 0365-6691.

Objective: Diabetes mellitus is considered the most common cause of blindness in the working population of industrialized countries, with diabetic macular edema being the most common cause of decreased visual acuity and proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) being responsible for the most severe visual deficits. We have therefore tried to establish a guide for clinical intervention whose purpose is to provide orientation on the treatment of diabetic retinopathy and its complications. This is necessary at a time when many treatment options have emerged whose role is not yet fully defined. Method: A group of expert retina specialists selected by the SERV (Vitreous-Retina Spanish Society) assessed the published results of different treatment options currently available, suggesting lines of action according to the degree of diabetic retinopathy present and the presence or absence of macular edema. Results: PDR is primarily treated with pan-retinal photocoagulation. For clinically significant diabetic macular edema without signs of vitreomacular traction, the treatment of choice continues to be focal/grid photocoagulation. Similarly, retinovitreal surgery is indicated for both conditions. The use of antiangiogenic drugs was also analyzed but remains inconclusive. Conclusion: Laser therapy is effective in the management of diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema. The role of antiangiogenics is not yet sufficiently defined.

Palabras clave : Diabetic retinopathy; diabetic macular oedema; optic coherence tomography; photocoagulation; vitrectomy; intravitreal antiangiogenic drugs.

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