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Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo

versión On-line ISSN 1989-7790versión impresa ISSN 0465-546X


PARRA OSES, Ángel; GARCIA LOPEZ, Vega; FERNANDEZ BARAIBAR, Jesús  y  AYESTARAN RUIZ BAZAN, José Ramón. La siniestralidad laboral en la población inmigrante de Navarra en el 2006: Una aproximación a sus causas. Med. segur. trab. [online]. 2008, vol.54, n.212, pp.55-78. ISSN 1989-7790.

Introducction: The economical and social changes Navarra is suffering during the last decades, is connected with the increasing immigration income rates. This aspect supposes different and huge legal, political, cultural, social, sanitary and of course professional challenges. Professionally speaking the big immigration income rates have, of course, advantages but have also some problems and dysfunctions as the very high accident levels this collective is suffering. Objetives: Analyzing and widening the accident’s characteristics and reasons and studying the possible causes Methodology: Descriptive and observation study by analyzing the Working Accident Register Year 2006. Results: At the moment a 9,8% of the total workers are foreign workers. These foreign workers have a 20% of the total working accident rate (WAR). Foreign working women have 4% less of the WAR than the local working women .If we talk about the seriousness of the accidents; the WAR average is similar between the foreign and the local workers. Foreign workers suffer the 19,3% of the grave accidents and 15,8% of the fatal ones. The under-aged working groups have a higher % of working accidents. If we study the different economical sectors, the results are the following: One-third of the accidents occurred in the Agriculture and Construction sector are suffered by immigrant workers. The reason is that immigrant workers cover a very wide range of sectors, being double as local workers in these both mentioned sectors. Immigrant men workers accident rate is higher than the immigrant women workers accident rate in all the sectors, except the non-productive industries. Almost the 80% of the working accidents suffered by the immigrant population occurred in the low level or not level qualification jobs and almost three quarters of the casualties are less than one year experimented workers. The accident’s happenings are, for both profiles, similar. The relative percent of the working accidents disclosed by the Casual Job Search Companies is higher for the immigrant population as for the local one. Almost the 75% is suffered by men workers and one-third by foreign workers. The relative percent of the working accidents disclosed by the Casual Job Search Companies is also higher for the foreign working women but lower for foreign working men. The incidence rate classified by activity sector is always higher for the foreign collective, even the less represented activity sectors. The immigrant population’s accident rate is double not only for the global rate but also for all the other rates classified by seriousness. These rates are lower for the EU countries as for the NO-EU countries. The highest rates are found in the following areas: Maghreb, Occidental Europe and Africa. The countries classification is the following: Morocco, Algeria and Portugal. Conclusion and discussions: Perhaps the too temporal working conditions or the too frequent subcontracting working conditions or the too frequent rotary conditions connote a higher rate of non-experience or non-adapted immigrant workers. Perhaps this inconstancy or this predicament acts on the working accident rate. Other national and international works corroborate the accident rate increase. The search of the accident rate’s source: working or risk factors or cultural, idiomatic or adaption factors will be under discussion.

Palabras clave : Occupational injuries; immigrants workers; characteristics and causes.

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