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Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo

On-line version ISSN 1989-7790Print version ISSN 0465-546X


SUAREZ-BAENA, Beatriz; ENCARNACION-ENCARNACION, Nikaury  and  VALLADARES-LOBERA, Beatriz. Literature review of occupational bladder cancer. Med. segur. trab. [online]. 2015, vol.61, n.239, pp.295-310. ISSN 1989-7790.

Background and objectives: We conducted a literature review to determine the relationship between exposures to certain substances in the workplace and the development of bladder cancer, clarify those professions most at risk and if this presents differences between genders. Methods: Systematic review. Databases: MEDLINE (Medlars Online International Literature), OSH UPDATE, IBECS and ILO (International Labour Organization). Articles published in English or Spanish, Domestic and International Studies, publications aimed to relate effects of occupational exposure to bladder cancer in the last five years (2009-2014) were included. Results: 156 studies were identified. Only 18 met the inclusion criteria. 3 cohort 9 cases and controls, 3 Meta-analyzes, 2 descriptive studies and case series were found. The main risk professions are related to the industry of iron, steel and dyes, coal mining, rubber workers, painters, farmers, hairdressers, truck drivers and professionals in contact with explosive substances. Conclusions: In our search we found several studies showing relationship between occupational exposure and bladder cancer, even if more information is required, and better quality, to establish conclusive results.

Keywords : Bladder cancer; occupational exposure.

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