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Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas

Print version ISSN 1130-0108


GOMEZ RODRIGUEZ, B. J. et al. Diagnostic yield of 335 push video-enteroscopies. Rev. esp. enferm. dig. [online]. 2006, vol.98, n.2, pp.82-92. ISSN 1130-0108.

Background and objectives: the diagnostic yield of push enteroscopy (PE) varies widely from 13 to 78% of cases, according to the various series. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to determine the endoscopic and histological yield of PE in our health area. Patients and methods: a total of 355 consecutive patients (190 males/165 females; mean age 45 years, range 15-89) underwent PE over a 6-year period, from 1997 to 2003. PE was performed under sedation and without overtube. Small-bowel mucosa biopsies were taken in 199 explorations (56%). Clinical indications for PE included: chronic diarrhea (35%), occult digestive bleeding (ODB) or iron-deficiency anemia (28%), suspected small-bowel malignancy (16%), chronic abdominal pain (28/355; 8%), follow-up of polyposis or malabsorption syndromes (7%), and abnormal radiographic findings (6%). Results: PE detected lesions in 122 cases (34%); in 6 cases (6%) lesions were within the reach of esophagogastroduodenoscopy. A normal macroscopic appearance of the small intestinal mucosa with an abnormal histological study was seen in 16 patients (6%). Major findings included: malabsorptive diseases (14%), nonspecific enteropathy (5%), angiodysplasia (3,5%), lymphangiectasia (3%); jejunal polyps (2%), Crohn's disease (2%), intestinal tumors (2%), extrinsic jejunal strictures (0.5%), and other (10/355; 3%). Abnormal radiographic findings (62%), chronic diarrhea (37%) and ODB (31%) were the indications with a higher diagnostic yield. No major complications were seen. Conclusions: according to our experience, PE is a safe and useful tool for the evaluation of small-bowel disease, especially in some indications (abnormal radiographic findings, chronic diarrhea, and ODB). Small-bowel biopsy increases PE's diagnostic yield in patients with chronic diarrhea.

Keywords : Push-enteroscopy; Occult GI bleeding; Malabsorption; Intestinal biopsy; Diagnostic yield.

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