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Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas

Print version ISSN 1130-0108


SCHMULSON, Max et al. IL-10 and TNF-α polymorphisms in subjects with irritable bowel syndrome in Mexico. Rev. esp. enferm. dig. [online]. 2013, vol.105, n.7, pp.392-399. ISSN 1130-0108.

Background: there has been recent evidence of an alteration in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) immune regulation, as well as variations in cytokine polymorphisms. Aims: to determine the frequency of the IL-10 (-1082G/A) and TNF-α (-308G/A) polymorphisms in subjects with IBS in Mexico. Methods: volunteers answered the Rome II Questionnaire and were classified as IBS (n = 45) and controls (n = 92). The IBS subjects were then categorized as IBS-D: 22.2 %, IBS-C: 28.9 %, and IBS-A/M: 48.9 %. The polymorphism frequency among groups was compared. Results: there were no differences between IBS vs. controls in the frequency of the high (8.9 vs. 18.5 %), intermediate (60.0 vs. 57.6 %), or low (23.9 vs. 38.9 %) producer IL-10 genotypes, p = 0.315. Neither were there differences in the high (0 vs. 1.1 %), intermediate (55.4 vs. 43.2 %), or Low (43.5 vs. 56.8 %) producer TNF-α genotypes, p = 0.296. However the low producer of IL-10 was more frequent in IBS-D vs. IBS-C vs. IBS-A/M (63.6 vs. 7.1 vs. 33,3 %) p = 0.023. Conclusions: in this group of volunteers in Mexico, the frequency of the IL-10 (-1082G/A) and TNF-α (-308G/A) genotypes was similar in IBS and controls. However, there was a greater frequency of the low producer of IL-10 in those subjects with IBS-D, suggesting a genetic predisposition to abnormal immune regulation due to a lower anti-inflammatory component in this subgroup.

Keywords : Irritable bowel syndrome; Genotypes; Interleukins; IL-10; TNF-α; Diarrhea; Constipation; Immunoregulation; Mexico.

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