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Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas

Print version ISSN 1130-0108


ALONSO-LAZARO, Noelia et al. Insertion of self-expanding metal stent for treatment of malignant obstruction in a pregnant woman. Rev. esp. enferm. dig. [online]. 2014, vol.106, n.3, pp.216-219. ISSN 1130-0108.

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most frequent cancer both in incidence and mortality in women, especially in those over 60 years of age. Diagnosis in women at gestational age is rare, so its incidence during pregnancy is low. However, an increase in its diagnosis is expected during the next years because of the raise in the average age of pregnancy. In most cases, the diagnosis is delayed because symptoms related to CRC can be attributed to pregnancy itself. Up to 30 % of CRC cases may present as an intestinal obstruction. In this situation, the main objective is to solve the clinical emergency in the safest way for mother and fetus, together with performing an accurate diagnostic approach to offer the best possible therapeutic management knowing the limitations and difficulties related to pregnancy. The self-expanding metallic stent (SEMS) can be particularly useful in colon obstruction in a pregnant patient with CRC because it allows solving the acute condition providing time to perform a more accurate staging study and to prepare the patient for surgery, thus reducing both post-surgical morbidity and mortality. We report on the case of a patient who early in the second trimester of pregnancy presented with an acute colonic obstruction due to CRC which was successfully managed with the placement of a self-expanding metal stent.

Keywords : Colorectal cancer; Pregnancy; Self-expanding metal stent (SEMS).

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