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Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas

Print version ISSN 1130-0108


RODRIGUES-PINTO, Eduardo et al. Outcome of endoscopic self-expandable metal stents in acute malignant colorectal obstruction at a tertiary center. Rev. esp. enferm. dig. [online]. 2015, vol.107, n.9, pp.534-538. ISSN 1130-0108.

Background: Malignant colorectal obstruction (MCRO) by advanced colonic cancer occurs in 8-13% of colonic cancer patients. Emergent surgery carries a high mortality and morbidity risk. Endoscopic self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) may be used in acute MCRO. Aim: Evaluate clinical outcome of SEMS in acute MCRO and efficacy of SEMS placement considering fluoroscopy guidance. Methods: Retrospective study of patients with acute MCRO that placed SEMS in a 3 years period. Results: SEMS were placed in 47 patients, followed-up for a median time of 150 days. The intent of stenting was bridge to definitive surgery in 40% of the patients (n = 19) and palliation in the remaining 60% (n = 28). The location of the tumor did not influence the presence of lymph node involvement (p = 0.764) nor metastasis (p = 0.885). Mortality rate at year 1 was 61%. Survival was significantly higher in patients submitted later to combination therapy compared to chemotherapy, surgery or symptomatic treatment (p < 0.001). Fluoroscopy was used in 57% of the procedures. Clinical success was 79%. A second SEMS was needed during the procedure in 6% of the patients. Rate of early and late complications was 11% and 5%, respectively. Fluoroscopy guidance did not influence the occurrence of immediate (p = 0.385), early (p = 0.950) or late complications (p = 0.057). Thirty-three percent of patients underwent surgery at a later stage, with neo-adjuvant therapy in 18%. Conclusions: SEMS provide a relative safe and successful treatment in a palliative or bridge-to-surgery indication. No significant differences were found in SEMS placement success, early complications or late complications considering fluoroscopy guidance.

Keywords : Malignant colorectal obstruction; Self-expanding metal stents; Fluoroscopy.

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