SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.108 número3Initial experience with golimumab in clinical practice for ulcerative colitisAdaptación transcultural y validación del Celiac Dietary Adherence Test: un cuestionario sencillo para determinar la adherencia a la dieta sin gluten índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados




Links relacionados

  • Em processo de indexaçãoCitado por Google
  • Não possue artigos similaresSimilares em SciELO
  • Em processo de indexaçãoSimilares em Google


Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas

versão impressa ISSN 1130-0108


RODRIGUES-PINTO, Eduardo et al. Self-expanding metal stents in postoperative esophageal leaks. Rev. esp. enferm. dig. [online]. 2016, vol.108, n.3, pp.133-137. ISSN 1130-0108.

Background: Postoperative esophageal leaks have a high morbidity and mortality. Self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) have been used as an alternative to re-operation. Aim: Evaluating predictors of success of SEMS in postoperative esophageal leaks. Methods: Retrospective study of patients with postoperative esophageal leaks referred for SEMS placement in a reference center during a period of 3 years. Technical success was defined as closure of the leak in barium swallow at 15 days. Clinical success was considered as endoscopic and/or radiographic confirmation of closure after stent removal. Results: Thirteen patients placed SEMS. Median follow-up was 58 days. Leaks had a median size of 20 mm. Time between surgery and SEMS placement was 20 days. One patient died 2 days after SEMS placement and one had worsening of the fistula after SEMS expansion. Time till stent migration was 9 days. Technical success was achieved in 9 of 11 patients, with clinical success without recurrence in 5 patients. All leaks with less than 20 mm were solved endoscopically. Technical and clinical success was higher when time between surgery and SEMS placement was lower, even though without statistical significance (respectively, p = 0.228 and 0.374). In the 8 patients who died during follow-up, median survival was 59 days. Conclusions: Technical success of SEMS was higher than 80%; however, due to high morbidity and mortality, only 45% of patients had their stent removed. Lower time from diagnosis to SEMS placement and leak size less than 20 mm may be associated with better results.

Palavras-chave : Postoperative esophageal leaks; Self-expanding metal stents; Survival.

        · texto em Inglês     · Inglês ( pdf )