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Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas

Print version ISSN 1130-0108

Abstract

ARROYO-MARTINEZ, Quetzalihuitl et al. Epidemiology of Barrett's esophagus and esophageal adenocarcinoma in Spain: a unicentric study. Rev. esp. enferm. dig. [online]. 2016, vol.108, n.10, pp.609-617. ISSN 1130-0108.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17235/reed.2016.4229/2016.

Background: Barrett's esophagus (BE) is an acquired disease defined by the presence of intestinal metaplasia with goblet cells in the distal esophagus. The prevalence of BE has increased dramatically over the last years. Aims: The primary aims of the study were to analyze the characteristics of BE and esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) in a Spanish health district during a follow-up period. Methodology: Sociodemographic factors, alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking were analyzed. We also studied the histological behavior and cause of death in each group. Results: In the present study 430 patients were included, 338 with BE and 92 with EAC. Incidence rates have risen from 2.25 and 1.25 per 100,000 inhabitants in 1996 to 6.5 and 4.75 per 100,000 in 2011, respectively. In the EAC group, male gender, age and alcohol consumption were higher in comparison to the BE group, and the overall survival was 23 months. In the BE group, the main causes of death were non-esophageal cancer and cardiovascular disease. Conclusions: The incidence and prevalence rates of AEC and BE have risen over the past years. Risk factors for these conditions were male gender, age and alcohol consumption. Long BE (> 3 cm) is involved in dysplasia progression. AEC diagnosis mainly occurs after neoplasia is detected and, in a few cases, due to a previous BE. Cardiovascular diseases and non-esophageal cancers have been found to be the main cause of death in BE patients.

Keywords : Esophageal adenocarcinoma; Barrett's esophagus; Metaplasia; Dysplasia.

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