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Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas

versión impresa ISSN 1130-0108


XIAO-BIN, Zheng et al. Enteral nutrition is associated with a decreased risk of surgical intervention in Crohn's disease patients with spontaneous intra-abdominal abscess. Rev. esp. enferm. dig. [online]. 2017, vol.109, n.12, pp.834-842. ISSN 1130-0108.

Background: The impact of enteral nutrition (EN) on surgical risk in Crohn's disease (CD) patients suffering from spontaneous intra-abdominal abscess (IAA) was evaluated. Methods: CD patients diagnosed with spontaneous IAA from 2008 to 2015 were included in the study. The impact of EN on surgical risk was evaluated using both univariate and multivariate analyses. Results: A total of 87 patients were enrolled, 66 (75.9%) were male. The mean age at the development of an abscess was 30.2 ± 10.1 years and the median duration of illness from CD diagnosis until the development of an abscess was three (2-6) years. After a median follow-up of 1.9 (1.1-2.9) years, surgical intervention was performed in 42 patients (48.3%). Patients treated with EN were less likely to require surgical intervention (26.1% vs 56.3%, p = 0.01). Multivariate analysis showed that EN was an independent protective factor for the risk of surgery with a hazard ratio of 0.27 (95% confidence interval: 0.11-0.65, p = 0.004) after adjusting for abdominal pain, history of abdominal surgery, concomitant intestinal stenosis and prior use of antibiotics within three months. Conclusions: Surgical intervention is common for CD patients with IAA. Appropriate application of EN may help obviate the need for surgical treatment.

Palabras clave : Crohn's disease; Intra-abdominal abscess; Enteral nutrition; Surgical intervention.

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