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Revista Española de Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial

On-line version ISSN 2173-9161Print version ISSN 1130-0558


VALLS, Adaia et al. Surgical management of ameloblastoma. Rev Esp Cirug Oral y Maxilofac [online]. 2012, vol.34, n.3, pp.98-104. ISSN 2173-9161.

The ameloblastoma is an odontogenic tumour of epithelial origin. Although it is classified as benign, there is usually aggressive local invasion, a great tendency to recurrence, and occasional metastatic potential. It generally appears during the third, fourth and fifth decades of life, without gender predilection, although it can occur at any age, including in children. Ameloblastomas are mostly found in the mandible (angle and branch). In treatment, its clinical type (solid, unicystic, desmoplastic, mixed or peripheral), its location and size, must be assessed, as well as the age and clinical condition of the patient. We present a review of patients diagnosed and treated for ameloblastoma in our hospital during the last 10 years. We present data on clinical appearance, histological characteristics, and therapeutic management, and we analyse and compare the rate of recurrence in these patients. The clinical features, even if they are supplemented with radiographs and/or histological samples, are not always biological determinants of its behaviour, or of the individual prognosis of the ameloblastoma.

Keywords : Ameloblastoma; Benign tumour; Aggressive tumour; Surgical treatment; Treatment algorithm.

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