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Revista Española de Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial

On-line version ISSN 2173-9161Print version ISSN 1130-0558


SAEZ-ALCAIDE, Luis Miguel et al. Maxillary sinusitis with zygomatic implants: A systematic review. Rev Esp Cirug Oral y Maxilofac [online]. 2017, vol.39, n.4, pp.199-206. ISSN 2173-9161.


The use of zygomatic implants is now a predictable and consolidated therapeutic alternative in the rehabilitation of patients with atrophic maxilla. However, like any surgical technique, it has a few complications that should not be ignored.


The aim of this study is to analyse the frequency and causes of maxillary sinusitis caused by treatment with zygomatic implants.

Material and method:

A systematic review was performed using different databases, searching the prevalence and causes of maxillary sinusitis due to treatment with zygomatic implants.


Most studies cite sinusitis as one of the most common post-operative complications, finding 4.93 cases per 100 zygomatic implants placed.


The fact that sinusitis is related to the intra-sinusal technique has led to the development of techniques in order to avoid it, such as the extra-sinusal approach of implants or the use of combined surgical techniques such as simultaneous sinus lift with implant placement or coverage with buccal fat pad.


Despite being the most common complication, the prevalence is quite low; a fact that confirms the success of treatment with zygomatic implants.

Keywords : Zygomatic implant; Implant treatment; Sinusitis.

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