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Revista Española de Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial

On-line version ISSN 2173-9161Print version ISSN 1130-0558


MUELA CAMPOS, Daniela; DIAZ MORENO, Jorge Andrés; GOMEZ ARAMBULA, Hansel  and  HERNANDEZ MARTINEZ, Mildred Gabriela. An unusually large peripheral giant cell granuloma: a case report. Rev Esp Cirug Oral y Maxilofac [online]. 2020, vol.42, n.2, pp.87-90.  Epub July 06, 2020. ISSN 2173-9161.

Peripheral giant cell granuloma (PGCG) is a benign reactive lesion of the oral cavity. Although PGCG is classified as a tumor-like lesion, it does not represent a true neoplasm, however it is often associated with a response of local irritation and trauma. Clinically, it appears as an exophytic growth with either sessile or pedunculated base, it can be located in gingiva or edentulous alveolar mucosa and usually does not exceed two cm in diameter. The following report describes the case of a 64-year-old female diagnosed with a PGCG of a particularly large size and rapidly evolving, located in the upper jaw area. The lesion was completely excised, and the diagnosis was confirmed by histopathology, there is no apparent recurrence in the area after 12 months of follow-up. A few cases of PGCG greater than 5 cm in diameter have been reported. Furthermore, exceptional cases might present an abnormal rapid growth as well. An opportune diagnosis based on clinical examination, radiographic and histopathological study are fundamental for a prompt and efficient treatment.

Keywords : Peripheral giant cell granuloma; multinucleated giant cells; pyogenic granuloma; giant cell epulis.

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