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Revista Española de Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial

On-line version ISSN 2173-9161Print version ISSN 1130-0558


BRUNSO, Joan et al. Planning, results and anatomy of the upper airway in obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome after bimaxillary advancement: 20 cases. Rev Esp Cirug Oral y Maxilofac [online]. 2020, vol.42, n.3, pp.107-118.  Epub Oct 13, 2020. ISSN 2173-9161.


To present the working protocol, clinical outcomes and upper airway changes of a 20-patient cohort with moderate-severe obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome undergoing maxillo-mandibular advancement with counterclockwise rotation.

Material and methods:

A multidisciplinary committee determines the surgical indication, which patients consent. Computed tomographies and polysomnographies are performed before and after surgery, as the usual clinical practice protocol. The clinical investigation ethics institutional review board approved the study. Lengths, volumes, minimum area, antero-posterior dimension, transverse dimension and other measurements are determined in the upper airway. Statistical analysis is descriptive and comparative by pairs with p < 0.05.


Planned movements are 10.40 mm of advance and 2.11 mm of anterior impaction. Apnea/hypopnea index reduces by 30.50 points and minimum peripheral capillary oxygen saturation increases by 5.00 points. Clinically and statistical significant findings are: 10.98 mm of shortening and 6.26 mm3 of volume enlargement, especially in the retro-palatal compartment; 91.45 mm2, 3.68 mm and 8.00 mm of area, antero-posterior dimension and transverse dimension widening respectively; hyoid bone advances 1.92 mm.


Maxillo-mandibular advancement with counterclockwise rotation in moderate-severe obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome achieves in short-term follow-up apnea/hypopnea index < 15 in 80 % and minimum peripheral capillary oxygen saturation > 85 in 75 % of our series. Main upper airway changes are: shortening, volume and area increase, elliptical shape, and antero-superior hyoid bone movement.

Keywords : Sleep disolver; OSAHS; orthognatic surgery; maxillo-mandibular advancement; counter clockwise rotation.

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