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Revista Española de Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial

On-line version ISSN 2173-9161Print version ISSN 1130-0558


FUENTES-BARRIA, Héctor  and  AGUILERA-EGUIA, Raúl. Radiotherapy and survival risk in dental implants: overview of systematic reviews. Rev Esp Cirug Oral y Maxilofac [online]. 2023, vol.45, n.1, pp.20-25.  Epub June 26, 2023. ISSN 2173-9161.

Radiotherapy is the main risk factor for oral rehabilitation with implants. The objective of this work was to evaluate, through a overview of systematic reviews, the survival of implants placed in mandibles irradiated compared with non-irradiated mandibles. An electronic search was carried out between 2018 and 2022 in the Medline / Pubmed, Scopus and Web of Science databases with the search strategy "Radiotherapy AND Dental Implants AND survival", selecting only systematic reviews with meta-analysis of randomized clinical studies and/or or observational. Thirty-eight records were identified, of which six were analyzed after applying the eligibility criteria. Their results showed a confirmation between radiotherapy and dental implant failure, with the reported implant survival rate being higher in non-irradiated areas compared to non-irradiated areas. irradiated. However, these differences between radiated and non-radiated bone reduce as time goes by, while the incidence of adverse effects such as osteoradionecrosis is low.

Keywords : Radiotherapy; dental implants; survival; adverse effects.

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