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Revista Española de Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial

On-line version ISSN 2173-9161Print version ISSN 1130-0558


RUBIO-CASTRO, Greta et al. Criteria agreement for the surgical management of impacted/retained canines among orthodontists and maxillofacial surgeons: a pilot study. Rev Esp Cirug Oral y Maxilofac [online]. 2023, vol.45, n.2, pp.71-78.  Epub Nov 20, 2023. ISSN 2173-9161.


Canines are dental pieces considered as important in the stomatognathic system. Currently, there is a large number of patients with impacted canines in Mexico, and treatment is challenging from a diagnostic and therapeutic perspective for specialists. Orthodontic-surgical treatment has become the preferred method by clinicians, both orthodontics specialists and maxillofacial surgeons.


To determine the degree of agreement in the criteria for the surgical management of impacted/retained canines.

Materials and methods:

It was a descriptive and analytical observational study. A questionnaire consisting of 29 questions was applied with a sample size of 30 orthodontists and 30 maxillofacial surgeons.


This study found on average a moderate level of agreement (54 %) in the management of retained canines between maxillofacial surgeons and orthodontists.


Our results indicate that, although there is some alignment in management practices between these two professional groups, there is also considerable variability. This may reflect differences in training, experience, and individual preferences. Despite the limitation of a small sample, these findings suggest the need for clearer clinical guidelines and/or additional training to improve consistency in the management of retained canines.

Keywords : Retained canine; impacted canine; surgical exposure; management of retained canines; surgical technique.

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