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Clínica y Salud

On-line version ISSN 2174-0550Print version ISSN 1130-5274


LOPEZ VILLALOBOS, José Antonio et al. Utility of Children's Embedded Figures Tests in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Clínica y Salud [online]. 2010, vol.21, n.1, pp.93-103. ISSN 2174-0550.

Objectives: To assess the differences among patients with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and control subjects, in relation to their global/analytical way of processing information and to find the best model based in Children´s Embedded Figures Test (CEFT) which permits prediction and diagnosis of ADHD, and analyzing the validity of the test for the diagnostic of the disease. Method: We study 100 ADHD cases (DSM-IV criteria) and 100 controls, ranging between 7 and 11 years of age, analyzed with CEFT. Controls were randomly recruited and matched by age, gender and sociodemography area with cases. Results: Cases show an average cognitive style significantly more field dependent (d = 1.36), reflecting a more global way of processing information than controls at all ages. The logistic regression model that best predicts ADHD is constituted by age, gender and CEFT direct marks and the derived formula from the model shows an 80% of sensitivity and a 84% specificity for ADHD, taking as gold standard the DSM-IV criteria. Conclusion: CEFT test shows utility and of appropriate validity for diagnosing ADHD.

Keywords : Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD); Children's Embedded Figures Test (CEFT); validity.

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