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Clínica y Salud

On-line version ISSN 2174-0550Print version ISSN 1130-5274


SANCHEZ ELENA, María José; GARCIA MONTES, José Manuel; VALVERDE ROMERA, Matías  and  PEREZ ALVAREZ, Marino. Chronic illness: life satisfaction and adaptive personality styles. Clínica y Salud [online]. 2014, vol.25, n.2, pp.85-93. ISSN 2174-0550.

The general life satisfaction is the core indicator of subjective well being, a significant health public parameter. This research aims at describing satisfaction with life of people suffering chronic diseases and at determining what personality characteristics are more adaptive in such conditions. For this purpose the total sample of 160 subjects from five population groups (hemodialysis treatment patients, kidney transplant patients, rheumatoid arthritis patients, ankylosing spondylitis patients, and control group) completeted both the Millon Index of Personality Inventory (MIPS, Millon, 2001) and the Satisfaction with Life Scale (Diener, Emmons, Larsen, & Griffing, 1985). The results show that the hemodialysis group is the one with the lowest level of life satisfaction; the personality variables can explain the life satisfaction variance in all groups except in the transplant group. Therefore, the personality factors allow tertiary prevention by improving psychological adjustment and avoiding comorbidity.

Keywords : Psychological wellbeing; Health psychology; Hemodialysis; Kidney transplantation; Rheumatoid arthritis; Ankylosing spondylitis.

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