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Clínica y Salud

On-line version ISSN 2174-0550Print version ISSN 1130-5274


MARTINEZ-BORBA, Verónica et al. Psychometric properties of the Childbirth Expectation Questionnaire in a sample of Spanish pregnant women. Clínica y Salud [online]. 2022, vol.33, n.1, pp.1-9.  Epub Aug 01, 2022. ISSN 2174-0550.

Childbirth expectations during pregnancy are important factors related to birth satisfaction. The aim of this study is to validate the Childbirth Expectation Questionnaire (CEQ) in a sample of Spanish pregnant women; 231 women responded to the CEQ during their first trimester of pregnancy and 106 of them completed a re-test at the third trimester. Exploratory analyses with 1-to-6 factor solutions were carried out to investigate the internal structure of the CEQ. The three-factor solution (spousal support and control, medical support and environment, and labor pain and distress) showed the best properties in terms of model fit, number of items per factor, and item loadings. The internal consistency of scales was also good (.79 ≥ α ≤ .93). Test-retest analyses showed significant intercorrelations between expectations from the first to the third trimester of pregnancy. There is a need to assess childbirth expectations, and our results suggest that the CEQ is a valid and useful instrument to be used among Spanish pregnant women.

Keywords : Childbirth expectation; Pregnancy; Exploratory factor analysis; Psychometrics; Validation study.

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