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Clínica y Salud

On-line version ISSN 2174-0550Print version ISSN 1130-5274


GONZALEZ-SANGUINO, Clara; GONZALEZ-DOMINGUEZ, Sara; CASTELLANOS, Miguel A  and  MUNOZ, Manuel. Mental illness stigma. A comparative cross-sectional study of social stigma, internalized stigma and self-esteem. Clínica y Salud [online]. 2022, vol.33, n.2, pp.59-64.  Epub Aug 01, 2022. ISSN 2174-0550.

The aim of this study was to explore the role of stigma in different diagnoses of mental illness. A cross-sectional study (N = 255) was developed in two groups: users of a rehabilitation network for people with severe mental illness (Group-I) and people with common diagnoses in an ambulatory psychiatric service (Group-II). Internalized stigma, social stigma, self-esteem, and sociodemographic variables were measured. Mean comparisons, ANOVAs, and independent linear regression models were carried out. Similar overall scores were obtained for the internalized stigma, but Group-I reported more discrimination and resistance to stigma and also had less social stigma. The regression model for Group-I revealed social stigma and self-esteem as predictors, while in Group-II only self-esteem was significant. The study reveals differences in internalized stigma according to the care resource and diagnoses, suggesting different intervention lines and underlining the importance of further research on this topic.

Keywords : Internalized stigma; Social stigma; Self-esteem; Severe mental illness; Psychosis; Depression; Anxiety.

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