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Clínica y Salud

On-line version ISSN 2174-0550Print version ISSN 1130-5274


CASTELLANOS, Miguel A; AUSIN, Berta  and  MUNOZ, Manuel. Specific phobia disorder symptoms in people over 65 in Madrid: a network analysis. Clínica y Salud [online]. 2022, vol.33, n.2, pp.73-82.  Epub Aug 01, 2022. ISSN 2174-0550.

A symptom network analysis of specific phobia disorder (SPD) was conducted according to gender and age in 555 people over 65 in the Region of Madrid (Spain). The network was estimated using the InsingFit package that implements a procedure called eLasso. These results reveal differences in the strength, closeness, and betweenness of the different networks according to gender but not for the 65-74 and 75-84 age groups. The gender variable presents a greater presence of symptoms in women than in men. For all types of specific phobia, the symptom of greater occurrence for both groups was fear. The main difference between men and women over 65 with SPD lies in the situational type, where centrality is more distributed and where the most central symptoms are distress for women and fear for men. These differences in the networks seem to support the conceptualization of SPD from a dimensional point of view.

Keywords : Specific phobia disorder; Elderly people; Gender differences; Network analysis.

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