SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.34 issue3Migraines and family life: adaptation and validation of the Portuguese version of the IMPAC scaleCompliance with clinical supervision guidelines and its relations with confidence of the supervisees author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Clínica y Salud

On-line version ISSN 2174-0550Print version ISSN 1130-5274


CHECA-ESQUIVA, Irene; AIRES-GONZALEZ, María del Mar; CANO-GARCIA, Francisco J  and  BUENO-MORENO, María R. Preliminary validation and gender invariance of the Technology Anxiety Scale in older Spanish adults. Clínica y Salud [online]. 2023, vol.34, n.3, pp.111-116.  Epub Mar 18, 2024. ISSN 2174-0550.

Background: Technology anxiety is more prevalent in older people and can compromise their functionality in an increasingly techno-dependent world. There are no validated instruments to assess it in older Spanish people. Method: A technology anxiety scale was cross-culturally adapted and applied to 355 Spaniards (66% women, M = 78.63, SD = 6.77). Two models were tested by confirmatory factor analysis: a one-dimensional model (technology anxiety) and a model with two correlated factors (fear and confidence in technology, respectively). Results: Both showed an adequate fit, although higher in the two-factor correlated model (χ2 = 243.797, df = 26, CFI = .969, TLI = .945, SRMR = .039). Concurrent validity was confirmed through correlations with psychological well-being, quality of life, and health satisfaction. Configural, metric, and scalar factorial gender invariance were also verified. Conclusion: Our data support the preliminary validity of the Technology Anxiety Scale in older Spanish men and women.

Keywords : Technology anxiety; Technology Anxiety Scale; Confirmatory factor analysis; Factorial invariance; Gender; Elderly.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in English     · English ( pdf )