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Farmacia Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 2171-8695versión impresa ISSN 1130-6343


GARCIA-MUNOZ, Carmen; RODRIGUEZ-QUESADA, Pedro Pablo  y  FERRARI-PIQUERO, José Miguel. Use of oral antineoplastic in special situations in a third level hospital: real life results. Farm Hosp. [online]. 2018, vol.42, n.1, pp.5-9. ISSN 2171-8695.


To analyse the effectiveness and safety of oral antineoplastic drugs (ANEOs) that are authorized in special situations in a third-level hospital and to compare the results obtained with the clinical evidence used for this authorization.


Descriptive observational and retrospective study. We included all adult patients who started treatment with ANEO in special situations during the year 2016. We collected demographic, treatment-related and clinical variables (overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS)). Adverse reactions and detected interactions were collected. An unadjusted comparison was made between the results of the available evidence and those of the study patients.


34 patients were treated, 50% were men, the median age was 58 years (38-80) and they presented ECOG 1 in 64.7%.

Most of the treated patients were diagnosed with advanced colorectal cancer, treated with trifluridine-tipiracil, followed by palbociclib in breast cancer, obtaining results similar to those of the evidence. The median PFS was 2.8 months (95% CI 0.8-4.8) and the 8-month SG (95% CI 3.4-12.5) for all patients.

26% of patients required dose reduction because of treatment toxicity. We found 13 interactions, which affected 15 patients, only two of category X.


The effectiveness of ANEO in special situations in our center is similar to that of available evidence. The impact on survival is low and adverse effects are common.

Palabras clave : Oral antineoplastic; Off-label use; Compassionate use; Oncology; Drug prescriptions.

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