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Index de Enfermería

On-line version ISSN 1699-5988Print version ISSN 1132-1296


PONCE GONZALEZ, José María et al. Influence of the social support in the control of the diabetes. Index Enferm [online]. 2009, vol.18, n.4, pp.224-228. ISSN 1699-5988.

Introduction: The social support is an interactive process in where emotional aid is obtained, instrumental and affective of the social network that surrounds to us, having a protective effect on the health and shock absorber of the stress that supposes a disease. The adverse situations that generate stress in the individual and accompany by a vital change, reach the category of stressful life events being an obstacle after the fulfilment of the therapeutic regime. Objective: To determine if the social support that perceive the diabetics influence in the metabolic control. Methodology: Multicentric cross-sectional descriptive study of the scope of the Primary Care, in 246 diabetics type 2, where they will be moderate the metabolic control (number of HbA1c), and perception of the social support, by questionnaire MOS. For the analysis of the data, it determined averages, standard deviations and percentage by means of SPSS and to study the relation of variables Test of Chi-square, Test t-Student, and multivariant logistic regression. Results: The 88.6 % of the studied subjects perceived good social support. The comparison of averages of HbA1c with Perception of Social Support did not show association. Nevertheless in a first cut with the first studied patients it was appraised statistically significant differences of 1 point in the average number of HbA1c with an IC 95% (0.2 - 1.75) p=0.01 and after putting under multivariant logistic regression to the perception of social support obtained a model that significant association of HbA1c represents (p=0.02 and OR=2.3) and IMC (p= 0.04 and OR= 1.15). Discussion: Questionnaire MOS requires an enhancing climate so that the answers of the patient are trustworthy and this climate it can create the time of professional relation.

Keywords : Social support; Diabetes; Primary Care.

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