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Revista de la Asociación Española de Especialistas en Medicina del Trabajo

versión impresa ISSN 1132-6255


GUERRERO FLORES, Samantha; TIMON ANDRADA, Rafael  y  CONDE CABALLERO, David. A study about precarious work in nursing: consequences and relationships around the syndrome of burnout and professional abandonment. Rev Asoc Esp Espec Med Trab [online]. 2018, vol.27, n.4, pp.204-212. ISSN 1132-6255.

Nursing professionals are quantitatively the largest workforce in the health systems of almost all countries in the world however, the rate of abandonment of the profession is important problem that deserves to find solutions. There are many reasons for this, but among those that have been least studied, there would be some precarious contractual relationships that occur in Spain and do not seem to be in line with international recommendations on quality in nursing work.


the possible existence of a relationship between this type of contract with syndrome of burnout and, in a positive case, with a possible impact on daily life, that results in job satisfaction and the possibility of leaving the workplace, is the main objective of this study


to this end, an observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out on a sample of 216 nurses with experience in precarious contracts called “Pool” / “volante” type. The questionnaires used were the Maslach Burnout Inventory, to evaluate the syndrome of professional exhaustion, and a self-prepared questionnaire consisting of 8 sociodemographic questions and aspects of their daily life that may be related to the abandonment of work.


the sample studied has an middle level on the emotional exhaustion scale with 23.3 points (standard deviation = 11.42), a high level on the depersonalization scale with 10.70 points (6.33) and a high level of personal achievement with 31.63 points (9.25).


the results of this study conclude that professionals with contractual relations “Pool” / “volante”, present a medium-high level of professional exhaustion. At the same time, statistically significant associations have been observed between high scores in the different spheres of the syndrome and aspects of the personal life of the nurses studied, which would be influencing the feelings of personal dissatisfaction and increasing the possibilities of incidence on professional abandonment.

Palabras clave : exhaustion; nursing; abandonment; satisfaction; precariousness.

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