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Revista de la Asociación Española de Especialistas en Medicina del Trabajo

versión impresa ISSN 1132-6255

Resumen

CASTANO-CIFUENTES, Orlando et al. Medical history, habits, gender characteristics and cardiovascular risk scores in health care workers. Rev Asoc Esp Espec Med Trab [online]. 2022, vol.31, n.1, pp.41-49.  Epub 23-Mayo-2022. ISSN 1132-6255.

Introduction:

cardiovascular disease is the principal cause of Mortality in the world. It causes 1 in 3 women´s death. In health workers, there is no information about the risk factors that can affect cardiovascular events.

Material and Methods:

a cross-sectional study was performed. Medical history, habits, gender characteristics, and cardiovascular risk scores were screened out in health workers and then analysed their cardiovascular health relationship.

Results:

a total of 179 records of health workers were obtained. The main cardiovascular risk factors were hypertension in 17%, and diabetes mellitus in 5.6%, family history of cardiovascular disease were in 27.4% of patients. In women, cardiovascular disease was classified in ideal cardiovascular health in 8.5%, at risk in 82%, and high risk in 7.7%. We found women with diabetes have higher proportion of hypertension (P = 0.028).

Conclusions:

cardiovascular risk factors are highly prevalent in people, even in health workers and young patients. Women are more affected compared with men. Early recognition of cardiovascular risk factors is a fundamental factor to cardiovascular disease prevention.

Palabras clave : cardiovascular disease; hypertension; risk factors; health personnel; gender.

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