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Revista de la Asociación Española de Especialistas en Medicina del Trabajo

versión impresa ISSN 1132-6255

Resumen

RIUTORD SBERT, Pere et al. Influence of lifestyle habits and socio-demographic variables in spanish workers. Rev Asoc Esp Espec Med Trab [online]. 2022, vol.31, n.1, pp.50-61.  Epub 23-Mayo-2022. ISSN 1132-6255.

Justification:

Many factors that influence cardiovascular risk are known and there are others whose influence is not so well defined.

Objective:

To know the influence of different risk factors in cardiovascular diseases.

Materials and Methods:

A cross-sectional descriptive study in a sample of 1.457 workers from Mallorca. For each worker, a data collection sheet was prepared that included different sociodemographic, anthropometric, analytical and clinical variables. Data were analyzed using a bivariate and multivariate analysis.

Results:

In general, individuals with a alto adherence to a Mediterranean diet and with alto levels of physical activity presented the best values in all the analyzed variables related to cardiovascular risk. Furthermore, these same individuals also presented a lower prevalence of altered values of the parameters studied. Being under 50 years of age and being a woman was a protective factor against presenting alto values in parameters associated to cardiovascular risk.

Conclusions:

Diet, physical activity, age and sex have a direct influence on the variables associated to cardiovascular risk.

Palabras clave : Dieta mediterránea; enfermedades cardiovasculares; actividad física; tabaco; Mediterranean diet; cardiovascular diseases; physical activity; tobacco.

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