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Revista de la Asociación Española de Especialistas en Medicina del Trabajo

versión impresa ISSN 1132-6255

Resumen

NORONA SALCEDO, Darwin Raúl  y  VEGA FALCON, Vladimir. Self-perception of occupational health in teachers of the sucre higher technological institute. Rev Asoc Esp Espec Med Trab [online]. 2022, vol.31, n.1, pp.79-91.  Epub 23-Mayo-2022. ISSN 1132-6255.

Introduction:

University teaching exposes considerably to occupational stress.

Objective:

We determined the self-perception of health in teachers of a Higher Technological Institute of Quito, Ecuador, during COVID-19.

Material and Methods:

This was a mixed, non-experimental, cross-sectional, descriptive study carried out with 106 teachers. The Goldberg GHQ-30 questionnaire was applied, associating variables with Chi-square, Crammer's V and odds ratios.

Results:

23.6% of teachers presented psychosomatic symptoms evidencing lack of energy, perception of illness, headaches and generalized fatigue. Gender and career had significant relationships with mental health disturbances. Three careers confirmed significant relationships with psychosomatic symptoms.

Conclusions:

Greater mental health impairment was demonstrated in psychosomatic symptomatology. The problems in anxiety and insomnia were rooted in the threat of losing their job and the impossibility of supporting their family in COVID-19.

Palabras clave : Self-perception of health; occupational health; teachers; Goldberg GHQ-30 questionnaire; Chi-square.

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