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Revista de la Sociedad Española del Dolor

versão impressa ISSN 1134-8046


LOPEZ-SILVA, M. C.; SANCHEZ DE ENCISO, M.; RODRIGUEZ-FERNANDEZ, M. C.  e  VAZQUEZ-SEIJAS, E.. Cavidol: quality of life and pain in primary care. Rev. Soc. Esp. Dolor [online]. 2007, vol.14, n.1, pp.9-19. ISSN 1134-8046.

Introduction: The valuation of the quality of life (QL) of our patients is an aspect of the pathological process more and more considered when carrying out the anamnesis. For it, we have thought about to carry out the present study with an objective double: . To check if differences exist in the quality of people's life that they consult for painful squares regarding those that consult for other pathologies. . To know different etiologies of the pain consulted in Primary Care (PC). Patient and methods: The patients of 10 consultations of PC of the county of Lugo were recruited. A notebook of data collection was designed; that consists of a common part for the two groups objects of the study (age, sex, personal antecedents of interest and data antropometrics) and of another specific one for the cases, that is to say people that consulted for any painful process, (chronology, type of pain, diagnostic, time of evolution, treatment and result of the analogical visual scale [AVS]). All the participants they were carried out the survey of quality of life SF-36. Results: The sample is composed of 347 individuáis (170 cases and 177 controls) with a 63 year-old half age (+ / - 31). There were differences statistically significant in all the analyzed aspects of the quality of life among the two groups (physical function, social function, physical problems, emotional problems, mental health, vitality, pain,general health and changes in the time). The most frequent diagnosis in painful process was gonarthrosis/coxarthrosis with 12.69% of the cases, followed by spine osteoarthritis (10.27%). For apparatuses, the most affected is the muscleskeletal (37.76% of the cases), followed by the nervous system (3.63% of the cases). Conclusions:  . People that consult for painful processes have their quality of life more deteriorated that those that consult for another type of processes. . The chronic pain impairs the QL in a wider way more than the acute one. . The most frequent cause in consulted pain is the gonartrosis/coxartrosis. . The apparatus more commonly affected by painful processes it is the muscleskeletal one.

Palavras-chave : Postoperative Pain; Quality of life; Primary Care.

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