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Revista de la Sociedad Española del Dolor

versión impresa ISSN 1134-8046


MEJIA, G. E. et al. Sacroiliac joint pain: Anatomy, Diagnosis and Treatment. Rev. Soc. Esp. Dolor [online]. 2008, vol.15, n.3, pp.170-180. ISSN 1134-8046.

The pain of the sacroiliac joint is a frequent cause of low back pain, however the diagnose of sacroiliac artralgia it is not easy to confirm and the physical exploration of the joint is controversial. Also this I often diagnose it happens inadvertent for the physician, for what the lack of consideration of this possible low back pain cause gives place to inappropriate and inadequate treatments. The sacroiliac joint is synovial of the type irregular anphiarthrosic, monoaxial, in which the sides joint are articulated from the sacrum one to the Ilion, Their innervation is debate question, but those but recent investigations refer that it derives of L2-S2, L4-S2, L5-S2. The prevalence of the pain of the sacroiliac joint not this well studied one, there is numerous etiology for the sacroiliac joint pain, these causes can be divided in intraarticular and extraarticular. For the physical exploration it is had a series of 12 tests which were emitted by a committee of experts and you concludes that to find 3 or but positive tests are very suggestive of pain of happiness. The treatment you can divide in conservative, interventionist where you can use from the infiltration with local anesthetic and steroid until radiofrequency and for finish surgical for selected cases.

Palabras clave : Pain; Sacroiliac joint; Sacroiliac joint pain.

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