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Revista de la Sociedad Española del Dolor

versão impressa ISSN 1134-8046


CASTELLANOS RUIZ, J.  e  PINZON BERNAL, M. Y.. Physical therapy pain management in burned in three stages of recovery: systematic review. Rev. Soc. Esp. Dolor [online]. 2016, vol.23, n.4, pp.202-210. ISSN 1134-8046.

Introduction: Interprofessional teams specialists in dealing with people with burns must be present as one of the first therapeutic options pain management therefore; Physiotherapy is important in pain management key, since it helps to reduce the rate of complications, reduce the stress response and burn hospital stance and management facilitates the implementation of other therapeutic techniques that allow the approach without generating the trauma of the coexistence of pain and enhance the quality of life of those affected. Aim: To conduct a systematic review for the physiotherapy management of pain of the person burned in three stages of recovery. Methodology: systematic review of literatura to identify the best available evidence regarding the studies to date that demonstrate scientific evidence on the effectiveness of physiotherapy management of pain in people burned to reduce the impact generated in the process functional recovery. Outcome: pain reduction was found with the use of virtual reality as cambios variables in the perception of pain during dressing changes of -1.81 %, changes in invested in thinking about the pain during dressing changes while -19.47 % and changes in the movement range of 1 %. Conclusions: The limited evidence suggests that procedures for reducing pain in people burned in special therapies distraction, the use of virtual reality, massage therapy and mandibular distraction are the most used which generate decreased perception and pain rating and reduced invested in thinking about this time, however, the results should be viewed with caution because of the high risk of selection bias and detection and the small sample size in most studies.

Palavras-chave : Burns; pain; physical therapy.

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